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Roscoe Henry Hillenkoetter (May 8, 1897 – June 18, 1982), born in St. Louis, Missouri, was the third director of the post-WWII U.S. Central Intelligence Group (CIG) and the first director of the Central Intelligence Agency created by the National Security Act of 1947. He served as director of the CIG and the CIA from May 1, 1947 to October 7, 1950 and after his retirement from the United States Navy was a member of the board of governors of National Investigations Committee On Aerial Phenomena (also known as NICAP) from 1957 to 1962.
Education and Military Career
He served tours in naval intelligence, several as assistant naval attache to France. He was wounded during the attack on Pearl Harbor, and afterwards was officer in charge of intelligence on Chester W. Nimitz's Pacific Fleet staff.
Alleged Membership in Secret Group
He was allegedlyTemplate:By whom a member of Majestic-12, a secret group President Harry Truman supposedlyTemplate:By whom established by Executive Order September 24, 1947. It was supposedTemplate:By whom to be the main "umbrella group" overseeing UFO research after the Roswell UFO incident, the allegedTemplate:By whom recovery of a crashed flying saucer and alien bodies that July.
First Director of the CIA
President Truman persuaded a reluctant Hillenkoetter, then a Rear Admiral, to be Director of Central Intelligence (DCI), and run the Central Intelligence Group (September 1947). Under the National Security Act of 1947 he was nominated and confirmed by the U.S. Senate as DCI, now in charge of the newly established Central Intelligence Agency (December 1947). At first, the U.S. State Department directed the new CIA's covert operations component, and George F. Kennan chose Frank Wisner to be its director. Hillenkoetter expressed doubt that the same agency could be effective both at covert action and intelligence analysis.
The U.S. government had no intelligence warning of North Korea's invasion (June 25, 1950) of South Korea. DCI Hillenkoetter convened an ad hoc group to prepare estimates of likely communist behavior on the Korean peninsula; its worked well enough that his successor institutionalized it. President Truman installed a new DCI in October.
Resumption of Active Military Duty
Board Member of NICAP
The National Investigations Committee On Aerial Phenomena was formed in 1956, with the organization's corporate charter being approved October 24.  Hillenkoetter was on NICAP's board of governors from about 1957 until 1962. Donald E. Keyhoe, NICAP director and Hillenkoetter's USNA classmate, wrote that Hillenkoetter wanted public disclosure of UFO evidence. Perhaps Hillenkoetter's best-known statement on the subject was in 1960 in a letter to Congress, as reported in the New York Times: "Behind the scenes, high-ranking Air Force officers are soberly concerned about UFOs. But through official secrecy and ridicule, many citizens are led to believe the unknown flying objects are nonsense."
Dates of rank
|Ensign||Lieutenant Junior Grade||Lieutenant||Lieutenant Commander||Commander||Captain|
|Rear Admiral||Vice Admiral|
|29 November 1946||9 April 1956|
- ↑ Template:Cite journal
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- ↑ Template:Cite book (page 28 in the Dutch translation of that book)
- ↑ Template:Cite news
- ↑ CIA Chief Reports on UFO Cover-up in New York Times